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Sunday, 10 March 2013


This heavily built species is the world's fourth largest land animal. The specialty or we can say the uniqueness of the Indian rhinoceros is their one horn, also called as greater one horned rhinoceros and these one horned rhino's are only found in India. This large mammal is mostly found in Assam (north eastern state of India), it is confined to the tall grassland and forests in the foothills of  the Himalayas.

The Indian rhino's is second in size only to the Asian Elephant. They are the second largest living rhino's behind only the white rhino's.
The Indian rhino's has thick silver brown skin, which become pinkish near the large skin folds that covers its body. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart like bumps. They can run at speed up to 55 km/h for short periods of time and are excellent swimmer. They have excellent sense of hearing and smell but their eyesight is poor.

Their diet is entirely based on grasses, they even eat leaves, shrubs, fruits and submerged and floating aquatic plants. They feed them self in morning and evening. In aggregate the Indian rhino's are often friendly. They will often greet each other by waving heads, nuzzling noses and licking.
In zoo, females may breed as young as four, but in the wild females are usually six breeding begins. In captivity, four are known to have lived over 40 years, the oldest living to be 47.

The Indian rhino's was the first rhino widely known outside its range, it's the only member of the genus rhinoceros, first appeared  in the fossil record in Asia around 1.6 - 3.3 million years ago.
Assam has one horned rhino as the official state animal. It is also the organizational logo for Assam Oil Company Ltd.
Today, about 3000 rhino's live in wild and out of that 2000 live in Assam alone. 

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